A user from New York, U.S. says the name Mecca means "Mecca, is located in a desert valley in western Saudi Arabia, the holiest city for Muslims, it is the birthplace of the Prophet Mohammad and the faith itself. Each train can achieve speeds of up to 300 kmh (190 mph), traveling a total distance of 450 km (280 mi), reducing the travel time between the two cities to less than two hours. Mecca is in present-day Saudi Arabia. See also the related category hebrew. Mecca is at an elevation of 277 m (909 ft) above sea level, and approximately 70 km (44 mi) inland from the Red Sea. The Byzantine Empire had previously controlled the Red Sea, but piracy had been increasing. See also Medina. Hussein declared a new state, the Kingdom of Hejaz, declaring himself the Sharif of the state and Mecca his capital. The surface surrounding the Ka'bah on which Muslims circumambulate it is known as the Mataf. Adorning the southern facade of the Masjid al-Haram, the Abraj al-Bait Complex, which towers over the Great Mosque, is a seven-building complex with the central clock tower having a length of 601 m (1,972 feet), making it the world's fourth-tallest building. The second source was the spring of 'Ayn Zubaydah (Spring of Zubaydah). Mecca is name that's been used by parents who are considering unisex or non-gendered baby names--baby names that can be used for any gender. [24][25], Another name used for Mecca in the Qur'an is at 6:92 where it is called Umm al-Qurā[26] (أُمّ ٱلْقُرَى, meaning "Mother of all Settlements". News reports in November 1916 via contact in Cairo with returning Hajj pilgrims, stated that with the Ottoman Turkish authorities gone, the Hajj of 1916 was free of the previous massive extortion and monetary demands made by the Turks who were agents of the Ottoman government. Abdul Muttalib told the Meccans to seek refuge in the hills while he and some members of the Quraysh remained within the precincts of the Kaaba. At least one man of the Jurhum helped Ismāʿīl and his father to construct or according to Islamic narratives, reconstruct, the Ka'bah ('Cube'),[48][16][49] which would have social, religious, political and historical implications for the site and region. It is the site of the Kaaba, which is the holiest site in Islam, the central focus of the hajj pilgrimage, and the direction of Muslims’ daily prayers. I cant keep calm Im a MECCA. The pagan imagery was destroyed by Muhammad's followers and the location Islamized and rededicated to the worship of Allah alone. MecMec, my grandpa calls me MeeshaBooBoo but I don't know why! In February 2020, Saudi Arabia temporarily banned foreigners from entering Mecca and Medina to mitigate the COVID-19 pandemic in the Kingdom. The Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus also enumerated many cities of Western Arabia, most of whom can be identified. The Ottomans assigned the task of bringing Mecca back under Ottoman control to their powerful Khedive (viceroy) and Wali of Egypt, Muhammad Ali Pasha. Every adult, healthy Muslim who has the financial and physical capacity to travel to Mecca must perform the Hajj at least once in a lifetime. [55], There were also some other inscriptions which contained personal names such as Makki (مَكِّي, "Makkahn"), but Jawwad Ali from the University of Baghdad suggested that there's also a probability of a tribe named "Makkah". Mecca has been referred to by many names. Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press The main street that runs to al-Haram is the Ibrahim al-Khalil Street, named after Ibrahim. Regardless, it was built several times before reaching its current state, the most famous of these renovations being the one by Abraham (Ibrahim in Islamic tradition). Be the first to like this name. In The United States the number of people carrying the Mecca surname rose 15,669 percent between 1880 and 2014. [citation needed] During the Battle of the Trench in 627, the combined armies of Arabia were unable to defeat Muhammad's forces. Summer temperatures are extremely hot and consistently break the 40 °C (104 °F) mark in the afternoon, dropping to 30 °C (86 °F) in the evening, but humidity remains relatively low, at 30–40%. There has been speculation since 1646 that this could be a reference to Mecca, but many scholars see no compelling explanation to link the two names. Advocating his form of Abrahamic monotheism against Meccan paganism, and after enduring persecution from the pagan tribes for 13 years, Muhammad emigrated to Medina (hijrah) in 622 with his companions, the Muhajirun, to Yathrib (later renamed Medina). [100] The few industries operating in Mecca include textiles, furniture, and utensils. Muhammad Ali Pasha successfully returned Mecca to Ottoman control in 1813. 120 km away) for domestic flights. Between 1830 and 1930, cholera broke out among pilgrims at Mecca 27 times. A part of town that … 70 km away) internationally and the Ta'if Regional Airport (approx. 152–3 (§92). "Makka – The pre-Islamic and early Islamic periods", CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (. Many of the modern surnames in the dictionary can be traced back to Britain and Ireland. Mecca's most important pagan deity was Hubal, which had been placed there by the ruling Quraish tribe. In 2019, the Hajj attracted 2,489,406 pilgrims to the holy city. The total area of modern Mecca is over 1,200 km2 (460 sq mi).[95]. Codex Ṣanʿāʾ DAM 01–29.1, folio 29a, radiocarbon dated between 633 and 665 CE. 20 synonyms of mecca from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 19 related words, definitions, and antonyms. The first were local wells, such as the Zamzam Well, that produced generally brackish water. The first major attempt to improve the situation was made by a Jeddah merchant, Muhammad ʿAlī Zaynal Riḍā, who founded the Madrasat al-Falāḥ in Mecca in 1911–12 that cost £400,000. The origin of the name Mecca is Arabic. The graph below represents the number of people who were given the name Mecca for each year since 1900 in the U.S.A.: Year People born 1900 1950 2000 0 100 200 The civilization of Mecca is believed to have started after Ibrāhīm (Abraham) left his son Ismāʿīl (Ishmael) and wife Hājar (Hagar) in the valley at Allah's command. [121] It consists of nine stations, three in each of the aforementioned towns. [7][8][9] Non-Muslims (Kuffar) are strictly prohibited from entering the city.[10][11]. For example, the Saudi flag carrier, Saudia, generates 12% of its income from the pilgrimage. His brother Qays who was with him, fled to Abraha and told him the news, which increased his rage and fury and he swore to raid the Kinana tribe and destroy the Ka'bah. [50][51], Muslims see the mention of a pilgrimage at the Valley of Baca in the Old Testament chapter Psalm 84:3–6 as a reference to Mecca, similar to the Qur'an at Surah 3:96. [87] On 24 September 2015, 700 pilgrims were killed in a stampede at Mina during the stoning-the-Devil ritual at Jamarat.[88]. As with many Arabic words, its etymology is obscure. [62] It is one of the lowest in the Hejaz region. Widely believed to be a synonym for Makkah, it is said to be more specifically the early name for the valley located therein, while Muslim scholars generally use it to refer to the sacred area of the city that immediately surrounds and includes the Ka'bah. The Prophet always chose names with good and beautiful meanings, even telling people to change their names if they had unpleasant meanings. Very unusual. Umrah, the lesser pilgrimage, is not obligatory, but is recommended in the Quran. Mecca is one of the lowest cities in elevation in the Hejaz region, located at an elevation of 277 m (909 ft) above sea level at 21º23' north latitude and 39º51' east longitude. As the Islamic realm grew, Mecca continued to attract pilgrims from all across the Muslim world and beyond, as Muslims came to perform the annual Hajj pilgrimage. Saadanius is considered to be a primate closely related to the common ancestor of the Old World monkeys and apes. Mecca is not served by any airport, due to concerns about the city's safety. King Abdulaziz pressed them forward as he saw them as a means of convenience and better governance. [18][19][20], In South Arabic, the language in use in the southern portion of the Arabian Peninsula at the time of Muhammad, the b and m were interchangeable. Mecca is defined as a city in Saudi Arabia that Muslims consider to be a holy city in Islam, or any place that is the center of an activity and attracts many visitors with a similar interest. [59][60] The Sassanids however did not always pose a threat to Mecca, as in 575 CE they protected it from a Yemeni invasion, led by its Christian leader Abraha. Jump to navigation Jump to search. [79], Saudi Arabian conquest and modern history, Following the 1924 Battle of Mecca, the Sharif of Mecca was overthrown by the Saud family, and Mecca was incorporated into Saudi Arabia. The name Mecca means Islam Spiritual Center and is of Arabic origin. A Saudi tower: Mecca versus Las Vegas: Taller, holier and even more popular than (almost) anywhere else, Holland, Tom; In the Shadow of the Sword; Little, Brown; 2012; p. 471, Jan Retsö, The Arabs in Antiquity (2003), 295–300, Photius, Diodorus and Strabo (English): Stanley M. Burnstein (tr. Goods from Africa and the Far East passed through en route to Syria including spices, leather, medicine, cloth, and slaves; in return Mecca received money, weapons, cereals and wine, which in turn were distributed throughout Arabia. Sharif's revolt proved a turning point of the war on the eastern front. Non-Muslims are not permitted to enter Mecca under Saudi law,[10] and using fraudulent documents to do so may result in arrest and prosecution. ", Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo, Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr). Mecca, similar to Medina, lies at the junction of two of the most important highways in Saudi Arabia, Highway 40, connecting it to the important port city of Jeddah in the west and the capital of Riyadh and the other major port city, Dammam, in the east. Team MECCA Lifetime Member Legend – Last Name, Surname T-Shirt. In 628, Muhammad and his followers wanted to enter Mecca for pilgrimage, but were blocked by the Quraysh. When Abdul-Muttalib left the meeting he was heard saying,[citation needed], "The Owner of this House is its Defender, and I am sure he will save it from the attack of the adversaries and will not dishonor the servants of His House. In the 6th century, they joined the lucrative spice trade, since battles elsewhere were diverting trade routes from dangerous sea routes to more secure overland routes. Give your child the best possible name. In pre-modern Mecca, the most common sports were impromptu wrestling and foot races. [81] Since then, the Grand Mosque has been expanded several times, with many other expansions being undertaken in the present-day. [59][96] This mountainous location has defined the contemporary expansion of the city. It has been theorized that an epidemic such as by smallpox could have caused such a failed invasion of Mecca. How unique is the name Meccai? The birds carried small rocks in their beaks, and bombarded the Ethiopian forces and smashed them to a state like that of eaten straw. See the popularity of the boy's name Mecca over time, plus its meaning, origin, common sibling names, and more in BabyCenter's Baby Names tool. [citation needed]. ", Abraha eventually attacked Mecca. As with many Arabic words, its etymology is obscure. Immediately, he says, it felt like a holy sanctuary and thus. Muslims from around the world visit the city, not only for the Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages, but also as tourists to visit regional landmarks such as the 'Aisha Mosque (Masjid 'Aisha) and the sites visited by pilgrims in the Hajj and 'Umrah. A multinational force was finally able to retake the mosque from the dissidents. [82], Mecca has been the site of several incidents and failures of crowd control because of the large numbers of people who come to make the Hajj. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. [68] The reference to the story in Quran is rather short. The meaning of the name Mecca is Islam Spiritual Center. A city of western Saudi Arabia. Battuta says the Ka'bah was large, but was destroyed and rebuilt smaller than the original and that it contained images of angels and prophets including Jesus, his mother Mary and many others. Origins have been proposed in Phoenician maqaq "ruined" or Arabic mahrab "sanctuary." Mecca Meaning Of Name What Does Mecca Stand For The essence of the given name Mecca stands for seriousness, thought, intuition, intent and wisdom. The Burmese are an older, more established community who number roughly 250,000. The gate was designed in 1979 by an Egyptian architect, Samir Elabd, for the architectural firm IDEA Center. This is the culture in which the name originated, or in the case of … There is a difference of opinion between Islamic scholars upon who first built the Ka'bah, some believe it was built by the angels while others believe it was built by Adam. Mecca synonyms, Mecca pronunciation, Mecca translation, English dictionary definition of Mecca. The siege lasted two weeks, and resulted in several hundred deaths and significant damage to the shrine, especially the Safa-Marwah gallery. [35], The Greek historian Diodorus Siculus writes about Arabia in his work Bibliotheca historica, describing a holy shrine: "And a temple has been set up there, which is very holy and exceedingly revered by all Arabians". Since then, dams have been built to ameliorate this problem.[96]. A very sporadic third source was rainfall which was stored by the people in small reservoirs or cisterns. Last year it ranked 3,956th in the U.S. Social Security Administration list of most popular baby girl names. The city is now ringed by freeways, and contains shopping malls and skyscrapers.[101]. [64] When Muhammad ibn Khuza'i got as far as the land of Kinana, the people of the lowland, knowing what he had come for, sent a man of Hudhayl called ʿUrwa bin Hayyad al-Milasi, who shot him with an arrow, killing him. Hoorah! One method was taxing the pilgrims. There was also a sense of elegance to the village. (TOP BABY NAMES, 2018). While under Hussein bin Ali, there were about 20 public telephones in the entire city; in 1936, the number jumped to 450, totaling about half the telephones in the country. The frequency of Mecca has changed over time. Mecca is the birthplace of Muhammad. The first press was brought to Mecca in 1885 by Osman Nuri Pasha, an Ottoman Wāli. There are some industries and factories in the city, but Mecca no longer plays a major role in Saudi Arabia's economy, which is mainly based on oil exports. [21][22] The government adopted Makkah as the official spelling in the 1980s, but is not universally known or used worldwide. During his second year in the holy city, he says his caravan arrived "with a great quantity of alms for the support of those who were staying in Mecca and Medina". [96] The city takes in more than $100 million, while the Saudi government spends about $50 million on services for the Hajj. Statistical information department of the ministry of education: Dr Harjinder Singh Dilgeer says that Mecca was not banned to non-Muslim till nineteenth century; destruction of several historical structures and archaeological sites, Destruction of early Islamic heritage sites in Saudi Arabia, https://web.archive.org/web/20181117112400/https://www.stats.gov.sa/sites/default/files/ar-g-serv-2015-makkah.pdf, "Mecca for the rich: Islam's holiest site 'turning into Vegas, Islamic Pilgrims Bring Cosmopolitan Air to Unlikely City, "Mayor of Makkah Receives Malaysian Consul General", "Prince Khalid Al Faisal appointed as governor of Makkah region", "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), MAACAH, MAACAH, MACORABA", "Ape ancestors brought to life by fossil skull of 'Saadanius' primate", "Civil Society Institutions in Pre-Islamic Mecca", "Outline of the History of Ancient Southern Arabia", "Tafsir of Surah al Fil – The Elephant (Surah 105)", "Miscellaneous works: comprising An inquiry into the antiquity of the small-pox, measles, and scarlet fever, now first published; Reports on the diseases in London, a new ed. Spelling of Mecca M-E-C-C-A, is a 5-letter female given name. [75] In 1803 the city was captured by the First Saudi State,[76] which held Mecca until 1813. destroying some of the historic tombs and domes in and around the city. [96] Many television stations serving the city area include Saudi TV1, Saudi TV2, Saudi TV Sports, Al-Ekhbariya, Arab Radio and Television Network and various cable, satellite and other specialty television providers. Meaning: Islam Spiritual Center. [96] Mecca also has its own paper owned by the city, Al Nadwa. Personal experiences with the name Mecca. [84][85][86] For example, on 2 July 1990, a pilgrimage to Mecca ended in tragedy when the ventilation system failed in a crowded pedestrian tunnel and 1,426 people were either suffocated or trampled to death in a stampede. It gained widespread fame, even gaining attention from the Byzantine Empire. Figurative sense of "any place one holds supremely sacred" (usually with lower-case m-) is in English by 1826. Subsequently, Muslims and Meccans entered into the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, whereby the Quraysh and their allies promised to cease fighting Muslims and their allies and promised that Muslims would be allowed into the city to perform the pilgrimage the following year. Since then, radio communication has been used extensively in directing the pilgrimage and addressing the pilgrims. Battuta describes the people of the city as being humble and kind, and also willing to give a part of everything they had to someone who had nothing. Comments and insights on the name Mecca. Place name: the holy city of Islam where all Muslims are urged to make a pilgrimage to. However, it was also the time each year that disputes would be arbitrated, debts would be resolved, and trading would occur at Meccan fairs. Call us before choosing a baby name at 1-866-489-1188 (toll-free in North America) or 604-263-9551. In 1818, the Saud were defeated again but survived and founded the Second Saudi State that lasted until 1891 and led on to the present country of Saudi Arabia. Fares paid by pilgrims to reach Mecca by land also generate income; as do the hotels and lodging companies that house them. The Al Masha'er Al Muqaddassah Metro is a metro line in Mecca opened on 13 November 2010. [citation needed] In the 5th century, the Quraish took control of Mecca, and became skilled merchants and traders. Known by the motto "I dun luh deez ho's." Meanings and history of the name Mecca Famous real-life people named Mecca Mecca in song, story & screen [110] Nevertheless, many non-Muslims and Ahmadis have visited the city as these restrictions are loosely enforced. This is the stone which Abraham stood on to build the higher parts of the Ka'bah. It is instead served by the King Abdulaziz International Airport in Jeddah (approx. This plan was later carried out by the Saudi government, which connected the two holy cities of Medina and Mecca with the modern Haramain high-speed railway system which runs at 300 km/h (190 mph) and connects the two cities via Jeddah, King Abdulaziz International Airport and King Abdullah Economic City near Rabigh within two hours. Some important buildings that have been destroyed include the house of Khadijah, the wife of Muhammad, the house of Abu Bakr, Muhammad's birthplace and the Ottoman-era Ajyad Fortress. Mecca is one of a number of place names which have taken on figurative meanings over time. Lawrence conspired with the Ottoman governor, Hussain bin Ali, the Sharif of Mecca to revolt against the Ottoman Empire and it was the first city captured by his forces in the 1916 Battle of Mecca. In 1880 there were 7 Mecca families living in Tennessee. [108] Adding to this, the discovery of oil in the past 50 years has brought hundreds of thousands of working immigrants. Up to the 7th century, this journey was intended for religious reasons by the pagan Arabs to pay homage to their shrine, and to drink Zamzam. [57][58] and remained until the Conquest of Mecca by Muhammad. [33] The Roman Empire took control of part of the Hejaz in 106 CE,[34] ruling cities such as Hegra (now known as Mada'in Saleh), located around 800 km (500 mi) north of Mecca. The city was finally conquered in the Saudi conquest of Hejaz by Ibn Saud and his allies in 1925. Since then, Mecca has seen a tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure, with newer, modern buildings such as the Abraj Al Bait, the world's fourth-tallest building and third-largest by floor area, towering over the Great Mosque. [21] The full official name is Makkah al-Mukarramah (Arabic: مكة المكرمة‎, romanized: Makkat al-Mukarramah, lit. Al Baik, a local fast-food chain, is very popular among pilgrims and locals alike. In contrast to the rest of Saudi Arabia, and particularly Najd, Mecca has, according to The New York Times, become "a striking oasis of free thought and discussion and, also, of unlikely liberalism as Meccans see themselves as a bulwark against the creeping extremism that has overtaken much Islamic debate".[9]. Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). Mecca Family Population Trend historical fluctuation. The birthplace in AD 570 of the prophet Muhammad, Mecca was the scene of his early teachings before his emigration to Medina in 622 (the Hegira). Pilgrims more than triple this number every year during the Ḥajj pilgrimage, observed in the twelfth Hijri month of Dhūl-Ḥijjah. Rain usually falls in Mecca in small amounts scattered between November and January, with heavy thunderstorms also common during the winter. 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