The fabric for the shawl is a handwoven cloth made by Dalit families. BiswaranjanRout. The film festival, which travelled from Bhubaneswar to Puri and ended in Kurli, a Dongria Kondh village in Rayagada district, showcased the anguish and struggle of indigenous communities in India and around the world. We will fight together,” said Shinta. The Niyamgiri is a hill range situated in the districts of Kalahandi and Rayagada in the south-west of Odisha, India.These hills are home to Dongria Kondh indigenous people.The hills have one of India's most pristine forests in the interior. “Green symbolises the endless chain of mountains and fields. The Dongria tribe and the Niyamgiri Hills For many centuries, the highly endangered Dongria tribe have inhabited the hills that contain an estimated $2 billion worth of bauxite deposits (Bennett, 2014). Niyamgiri. This conflict has been a well-known case in the mineral-rich state of Odisha in India, involving some of the world’s oldest surviving indigenous peoples. mining bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills. Sikaka’s call for 5 ft roads to the villages rather than the government-prescribed 30 ft roads, primary schools that teach in the Dongria tongue rather than large residential schools, and Indira Awas Yojana houses that incorporate tribal traditions have either been laughed off or ignored by government officials. *Our Digital Subscription plans do not currently include the e-paper, crossword and print. But, like all well-meaning projects that find little resonance on ground, they could not lift the literacy rate, an abysmal 33% among a population of 11,551. Now, the state government has to seek permission from the apex court to start the process again. … The Dongria tribe and the Niyamgiri Hills For many centuries, the highly endangered Dongria tribe have inhabited the hills that contain an estimated $2 billion worth of bauxite deposits (Bennett, 2014). But no government official turned up. However, the decision offered the tribe only a temporary reprieve, as the court ordered the company's Indian unit, Sterlite Industries,10 to come back with a new proposal for the project. Vedanta Resources has planned to mine the Niyamgiri Hill range, which is believed to be the home of deity Niyam Rajawhich, who is worshipped by the tribe. “The government is offering us a 30 ft road under the pretext that it will be useful during a health emergency. In the rush to acquire mining rights, stringent environmental laws were violated, and the Dongria’s consent was not sought. Bauxite is the raw material for alumina and aluminum, and Odisha has 700 million tonnes of known bauxite reserves, of which 88 million tonnes are estimated to be found in Niyamgiri. Posts about Niyamgiri written by m rajshekhar. Get the latest Niyamgiri hills news, videos and headlines. by Joan Martinez-Alier and Leah Temper. “When I met Dinja and got to know about their struggle, I was stunned. Today, he is distraught. Vedanta Ltd has been unable to get final permission for mining bauxite from the Niyamgiri Hills. Subscribe to The Hindu now and get unlimited access. The state government-owned Odisha Mining Corporation was supposed to provide the bauxite extracted from the Niyamgiri hills to the Vedanta refinery. The court has also provided an escape clause for the mining giants, by setting up a special purpose India has rejected Vedanta Resources' proposed bauxite mining plan for the Niyamgiri Hills in Odisha state. Where will we go? I was asked a volley of questions on my alleged links with left-wing extremists. Niyamgiri hills are home to about 8,000 Dongaria Kondh tribes living in … Bauxite, which they were planning to mine atop Niyamgiri hills, serves as a raw material of alumina. The OMC holds a claim over the deposit with a letter of intent towards a mining lease from the state government. The embroidery on a shawl can take months to complete. Metal News - Published on Tue, 05 Apr 2016. “How many government officials have ever visited our villages? for Bauxite mining. The struggle has been on since October 2004, when the government-owned Odisha State Mining Company (OMC) signed an agreement with UK-based Vedanta Resources to mine over 70 million tons of bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills. Jakasika belongs to the Dongria Kondh community, one of Odisha’s few remaining tribal groups. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. mining bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills. | Photo Credit: The team of experts, in their March, 2010 report, concluded that Vedanta’s proposed bauxite mine would be detrimental to the existence of the Dongria Kondh; a consequence which was too serious to ignore. The OMC holds a claim over the deposit with a letter of intent towards a mining lease from the state government. Mines expert and former director of mines with Odisha government B K Mohanty was quoted by Business Standard as saying: "The gram sabhas for Niyamgiri bauxite mining were conducted as per the directions of the Supreme Court. Find mobile-friendly version of articles from the day's newspaper in one easy-to-read list. Committees from each village were roped in to carry supplementary food to the children. Jamu Gauda, another villager, faced similar police action. “I was abruptly bundled into a police jeep last October and beaten up in custody. The company planned to mine the Niyamgiri hill range, which is believed to be the home of deity Niyam Rajawhich, who is worshipped by the local Dongria Kondh tribe. “Forest dwellers across the country got temporary relief when the Supreme Court stayed its eviction order. Twenty percent of the Dongria Kondh live in … You have reached your limit for free articles this month. It’s a support for truth and fairness in journalism. The Hindu has always stood for journalism that is in the public interest. For the Dongria Kondhs, the film festival was an important occasion to recount the community’s travails over the last decade, and debate what the ‘correct’ model of development could be. District: Kalahandi-Rayagada, Odisha. The plan was to develop a bauxite mine in Niyamgiri hills and supply the material to Vedanta’s alumina refinery. NSS is a collective of tribes that has been opposing bauxite mining by Vedanta in Niyamgiri hills since 2003. Hwoever, the tribes opposed Vedanta’s plans and the proposal had to be shelved. Ever since the community turned down a proposal from Vedanta Aluminium to mine the Niyamgiri hills for bauxite in 2013, it has found itself in the cross hairs of the State government. Two years ago, when the tribal people of Odisha’s thickly forested Niyamgiri hills unanimously rejected the plans of the London-based conglomerate Vedanta Resources to mine bauxite in their lands, it appeared that a decade-long struggle to protect the hills and forests – and the tribal way of life – had finally succeeded. For the Odisha Mining Corporation, the mining arm of the state government, the value of the hills lies in the region’s Lanjigarh-Niyamgiri deposit, which contains 88 million tonnes of bauxite. Mining bauxite and processing it into aluminium is deadly to the environment. The State government’s first attempt at development in this region was in the 80s when it came up with three micro-projects: two Dongria Kondh Development Agencies, in Chatikona and Parsali, and the Kutia Kondh Development Agency. However, Vedanta and its partner OMC filed an appeal with the Supreme Court against this decision. I believe this is going to be tough. Vedanta Ltd has been unable to get final permission for mining bauxite from the Niyamgiri Hills. The Union environment ministry cancelled all permissions granted to the company following allegations by … There are four government health centres in Trilochanpur, Muniguda and Bissamcuttack, to reach which the Dongrias have to trek three hours. Earlier in 2013, the State government had attempted bauxite mining at Niyamgiri to feed the Vedanta’s refinery established close to the hills. As per official records on regularisation of titles under the Forest Rights Act (FRA) 2006, only 252 applications were not approved in Kutia Kondh Development Agency, Lanjigarh jurisdiction. Government rejects Vedanta’s bauxite mining plans in Niyamgiri 3 min read. Odisha is seeking to revive a controversial plan to mine for bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills, a lushly forested area that the Dongria Kondh tribe considers sacred, a minister said on Wednesday. “But the shawl gives us prestige when we go to fairs or social events,” said Lakmi Sikaka, a Dongria woman. Get the latest Niyamgiri hills news, videos and headlines. Third village says no to mining atop Niyamgiri Hills 23 Jul, 2013, 08.37 PM IST. The traditional green, yellow and red embroidery threads are bought from the market. Nobody exemplifies this deep divide better than Lada Sikaka, NSS president and once an important voice of the Dongrias. mining bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills. The struggle has been on since October 2004, when the government-owned Odisha State Mining Company (OMC) signed an agreement with UK-based Vedanta Resources to mine over 70 million tons of bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills. This for the Dongrias means that all building material will have to be laboriously transported to the hilltops.”. The Niyamgiri Hills form a mountain range in the Eastern Indian state of Orissa. A one-stop-shop for seeing the latest updates, and managing your preferences. Bhubaneswar: South Korean steel behemoth Posco’s mining prospects in Kandadhar hills of Sundergarh district may face the same fate as Niyamgiri Hills, given the Environment Ministry’s January direction in the latter’s case rejecting Vedanta’s bauxite extraction plan and endorsing forest rights of tribals following a Gram Sabha verdict. We promise to deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda. The Dongria tribe of Eastern India has been under intense pressure from the state government as well as Vedanta, a London based mining company, to make way for Bauxite mining.The Dongria tribe and the Niyamgiri Hills For many “The government has not forgotten its defeat by a tribal group. After two villages in Raygada district rejected a proposal of allowing bauxite mining atop Niyamgiri Hills, another village in Kalahandi district did the same at the Gram Sabha held today. Fueled by the continuous protests of the Dongria Kondh and the outpouring of support for the tribe, the Government of India sent a team of experts to the Niyamgiri Hills in 2010. Dongria women love ornaments, hair accessories and flowers. ", Custom Designed and Built Underground Mining and Tunnelling Equipment, Heavy-Duty Mechanical Equipment for Mines, Dust Control and Mine Water Solutions for Mining Applications, "The state government has to seek permission from the apex court to start the process again. A select list of articles that match your interests and tastes. The government insists on concrete houses. 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Bauxite is the raw material for alumina and aluminum, and Odisha has 700 million tonnes of known bauxite reserves, of which 88 million tonnes are estimated to be found in Niyamgiri. However, we have a request for those who can afford to subscribe: please do. Emmanuela Shinta, 26, an independent filmmaker from Indonesia’s Kalimantan rainforest, and Dinja Jakasika, a 30-year-old village sarpanch from the foothills of Odisha’s picturesque Niyamgiri Hills, had nothing in common — nationality, attire or language. Photo: Reuters Odisha looks to revive bauxite mining in Niyamgiri hills The company is planning to mine Yellow invokes turmeric and peace, a smile, togetherness, health and happiness of the community. However, the decision offered the tribe only a temporary reprieve, as the court ordered the company's Indian unit, Sterlite Industries,10 to come back with a new proposal for the project. The Dongria tribe of Eastern India has been under intense pressure from the state government as well as Vedanta, a London based mining company, to make way for Bauxite mining.The Dongria tribe and the Niyamgiri Hills For many We brief you on the latest and most important developments, three times a day. Get latest news on bauxite mining in niyamgiri hill. We have been keeping you up-to-date with information on the developments in India and the world that have a bearing on our health and wellbeing, our lives and livelihoods, during these difficult times. The Stateowned Odisha Mining Company (OMC) had sought permission to mine bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills and supply it to Vedantas alumina refinery. It is bound by Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary on the north-west side and Kotgarh Wildlife Sanctuary on the north-east end. The Union environment ministry cancelled all permissions granted to the company following allegations by experts that Vedanta had violated various laws in … Though the administration has promised to review all applications, confusion prevails in the community. They have no idea how many of our people live in the forest,” said Dadhi Pushika, a Dongria elder. Bauxite is the raw material for alumina and aluminum, and Odisha has 700 million tonnes of known bauxite reserves, of which 88 million tonnes are estimated to be found in Niyamgiri. We would rather die than think of leading a life outside the hills,” raged Kunuji Kutruga, 60, from Khambesi village. The villages’ decision followed a landmark Supreme Court verdict on April 18, 2013. The company formed a joint venture with the state-owned Odisha Mining Corporation to develop the Niyamgiri mine, under a memorandum of understanding. July 25, 2013 3:10 am. Enjoy reading as many articles as you wish without any limitations. As we fight disinformation and misinformation, and keep apace with the happenings, we need to commit greater resources to news gathering operations. It wants to dominate the discourse of development in the region and muzzle local voices,” said Lingaraj Azad, convenor of Niyamgiri Suraksha Samiti (NSS), which has been spearheading agitation against mining in Niyamgiri. However, the decision offered the tribe only a temporary reprieve, as the court ordered the company’s Indian unit, Sterlite Industries,10 to come back with a new proposal for the project. The embroidery involves some very intricate needlework, and the shawl has a special place in Dongria tradition. Apart from this, Vedanta Alumina Refinery runs a private hospital as CSR activity. Then, on April 18, 2013, the Supreme Court gave a clear direction that mining clearance can only be given if gram sabhas, comprising Dongrias, agreed to the project. Shinta, who belongs to Indonesia’s Dayak community, which is being rapidly marginalised by the local government’s policy on transmigration and by expansive oil companies, could instantly relate to Jakasika’s struggle. “No force on earth can drive us from Niyamgiri. Today a huge gulf in trust has emerged between the government and the Dongria Kondhs. Trouble began to brew when in 2004 Vedanta set up a pit-head alumina refinery at Lanjigarh, a nondescript village on the foothills of Niyamgiri. No bauxite mining at Niyamgiri till nod from locals: Vedanta The announcement comes nearly four months after the Ministry of Environment and Forest turned down Vedanta's mining proposal, paying heed to the local villagers' verdict. The refinery was to get bauxite, the main aluminium ore, from Niyamgiri and was sourcing the raw material from other states in the interim. The Stateowned Odisha Mining Company (OMC) had sought permission to mine bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills and supply it to Vedantas alumina refinery. The recent report in a section of media about bauxite mining in Niyamgiri hill is just misinterpretation of the facts and far from the truth,” Dr Mukesh Kumar, Chief Operating Officer (COO) of VAL, told “The ET”. Subsequently, the state held meetings in 12 villages to discuss the environmental and religious issues, and the rights of the tribes. The proposed mining area would cover 7 square kilometers on the top of Niyamgiri Hills. Wherever I go, I meet indigenous people and find connections even though we don’t know each other or each other’s language. Till the early 2000s, Dongria Kondhs lived peacefully in quiet and inaccessible hamlets on the slopes of the Niyamgiri range, in the Bissam Cuttack, Muniguda and Kalyansingpur blocks of Rayagada district and in the Lanjigarh block of Kalahandi district. Sources & Materials . A solid waste product ‘red mud’ which is an environmental and health hazard is produced during the refining process and is not easy to dispose. On 31 st July 2013 in New Delhi drums and banners in front of Odisha House celebrated the success achieved by the tiny Dongria Kondh hamlets in the Niyamgiri Hill which, one after the other had openly expressed in the last days of July 2013 their refusal of open cast bauxite mining. Company: Orissa Mining Corporation (for Vedanta) Reserves: … It has helped us keep apace with events and happenings. The Supreme Court of India asked in April 2013 for public consultations in villages and hamlets in the Niyamgiri hills. This conflict has been a well-known case in the mineral-rich state of Odisha in India, involving some of the world’s oldest surviving indigenous peoples. Most Read. The team was asked to submit a report on the effect of the mining project on the Dongria Kondh. 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